Exposure: Partial sun-shade
Height: 1 foot
Attracts: Little is known about the floral-faunal relationships for this species. The flowers provide only pollen as a reward to floral visitors. It is likely that the flowers are visited by various bees and flies. The seeds are distributed to new locations by ants, which are attracted to their oily appendages (elaisomes). Woodland mice eat the seeds. The toxic foliage is avoided by mammalian herbivores.