Exposure: Full sun- partial shade
Moisture: Medium wet- Dry
Height: 5 feet (may get taller and quickly spread in garden situations)
Bloom: August, September
Attracts insects and birds: The flowers attract many kinds of insects, including long-tongued bees, short-tongued bees, wasps, flies, butterflies, and beetles. Monarch butterflies are especially attracted to the flowers. The larvae of several species of moths feed on various parts of this and other goldenrods. Insects that are known to feed on Stiff Goldenrod specifically include larvae of Asteromyia carbonifera (Black Blister Gall), Gnorimoschema gibsoniella (Twirler Moth), and Tricholita notata (Marked Tricholita). The Eastern Goldfinch eat the seeds to a limited extent. Many mammalian herbivores eat this plant, particularly during the early stages of growth and development. This includes the White-Tailed Deer, Cottontail Rabbit, and Muskrats.