Wild Quinine (Price includes 3 half-pint plants)

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Parthenium integrifolium

Exposure: Full sun

Moisture: Medium wet- Medium dry

Height: 4-5 feet

Bloom: July, August

Attracts insects: The flowers attract Halictine bees, wasps, flies, beetles, and plant bugs. The beetles usually feed on pollen, while the other insects seek nectar primarily. The fly visitors include Syrphid flies, Tachinid flies, Flesh flies, Muscid flies, Anthomyiid flies, and others. Wasp visitors include Crabronine wasps, Eumenine wasps, Cuckoo wasps, Braconid wasps, and others. Mammalian herbivores appear to ignore this plant as a food source because the leaves are sandpapery in texture and bitter-tasting.